Sunday, November 21, 2004

Posting for November 21, 2004

This week there are several interesting articles that cover topics from Mad Cow to cholera and from the United States to Senegal. We have included in this weeks posting an article on flu vaccine. We think that the US needs to be proactive in making sure that we have ample vaccine for next season that is compatible with the risk. World Health Organization (WHO) has taken the lead in pushing for protection from an avian pandemic influenza outbreak and we think this action could save millions of human life world wide! Here are some of this weeks articles......


Cholera in Senegal - Update

Posted: 12 November 2004

WHO reports that a total of 861 cases of cholera have been reported in Dakar with 6 deaths. Cholers has been shown as decreasing in incidence since the implementation of control measures. The measures include health education, case management as well as surveillance and monitoring in the affected areas.


New mad cow case likely, experts say

Posted: 19 November 2004

The US Department of Agriculture stated that an animal tested inconclusive twice in screening tests and it would perform more sophisticated analysis to confirm the presence or absence of the disease. Brad Crutchfield, vice president of California-based Bio-Rad, told Reuters in an interview. "After wo inconclusive results, you have a much higher rate of confirming (mad cow disease) to the IHC test." He went on to say that greater than 95 percent of all doubly reactive tests are ultimately confirmed to have mad cow disease.

Alisa Harrison, spokeswoman for the USDA declined to comment on the likelihood that this was a case of mad cow disease. The tests are inconclusive at this time and when it is confirmed the USDA will comment.

This could be problematic for the cattle and beef industry if it is confirmed that the animal has/had mad cow disease. In Chicago the live cattle futures closed sharply lower after the news spread that the animal had tested inconclusive twice.

We will continue to monitor this and post an update on next weeks blog.


Rare Blood Infection Surfaces in Injured U.S. Soldiers

Posted: 18 November 2004

Reuters Health Information

By Paul Simao

Atlanta - Army doctors report that there are an unexpectedly high number of soldiers who are testing positive for a rear and hard to treat blood infection. The soldiers sustained wounds from fighting in Afghanistan and the middle east. About 102 soldiers have been found to be infected with the bacteria Acinetobacter baumanni.

A. baumannii, which is found in water and soil and is resistant to many types of antibiotics, surfaces occasionally in hospitals and is often spread among patients in the ICU. Spread of the infection is usually stopped when health-care workerwas their hands and the hand of their patients with alcohol swabs. Most often the only effective antibiotic is colistin, an old drug that is rarely prescribed due to it high toxicity.

It is important that physicians who are treating returning soldiers monitor them for signs of infection from A. baumannii.


Second thoughts on the flu vaccine

Posted: 15 November 2004

US News & World Report

By Nancy Shute

Scientists have already begum to discuss the best way to avoid a repeat of this year's vaccine supply debacle and how to be better prepared for the anticipated pandemic influenza outbreak. To accomplish this 16 vaccine manufacturers and officials for the US and WHO will meet in Geneva to map out a plan of attack. The big concern is that the pandemic outbreak is on the horizon and the last pandemic was in 1968.

There were two papers publish last week in the New England Journal of Medicine on line that determined it was possible to shrink the the dose to 20 to 40 percent of the standard dose and still get a good immune response. The trick is to inject the vaccine into the skin as is done with a tuberculin skin test instead of into the muscle. The theory is good, however it has not been tested to see if it protects from infection. The interdermal method has not been approved by the FDA.

The interdamal method could prove effective if we have a pandemic outbreak and streach vaccine to cover the entire population.

We will continue to monitor this topic and as articles appear we will post them. This has major implications for the protection of populations world wide.


At November 23, 2004 at 2:42 PM, Blogger uismph said...

What a great article regarding Mad Cow disease in the US! It is especially appropriate after reading Mad Cowboy this semester. Thanks for the link!

At November 24, 2004 at 8:56 AM, Blogger mphuis said...

I am always circumspect when a government agency takes a vow of 'no comment' on a major health issue. Mad cow has been a fear of many informed people in the US. It is hard to believe that no cattle have had it up to this date since it has been found in wild game such as deer and elk. Thank you for the link. I hope we see more about this subject in the media.

Why would a flu vaccine require less serum and be more effective sub Q? I am interested in this development. Thanks for the information.

At November 25, 2004 at 7:26 AM, Blogger infectedhands said...

In response to the question about takes less vaccine to force the body to mount an immune response. The unanswered question that needs to be researched is how much of an immune response will be inacted.

At November 25, 2004 at 7:26 AM, Blogger infectedhands said...

In response to the question about takes less vaccine to force the body to mount an immune response. The unanswered question that needs to be researched is how much of an immune response will be inacted.

At September 13, 2011 at 1:29 AM, Blogger pixymagic said...

Hummer H1 Turbo
Thanks for honestly relating your experiences and opinions and good luck to you.

At November 23, 2011 at 4:54 AM, Blogger enom said...

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